Teoria della complessità e implicazioni manageriali: verso l’auto-organizzazione

Alberto F. De Toni


Applying the typical approaches of complexity to management implies the adoption of “complex” managerial models as opposed to the “classic” managerial models. After pointing out differences between traditional and innovative approaches related to the key areas of management, the paper focuses on the lever of self-organization considered as “the most attractive future for companies.” Management principles and practices of the main models of self-organization proposed in the literature are described and compared: circular, holographic, cellular, holonic models.


complexity; emergence; self-organization; model; management

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7433/462


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